What You Should Know About Shipping a Forklift Battery

Transporting forklift batteries carries inherent risks, including potential chemical spills from damaged containers. Additionally, improper handling can lead to short-circuit incidents, resulting in fires that endanger public safety and cause significant disruption to supply chains. Discover what you should know about shipping a forklift battery to minimize potential dangers and adhere to shipping regulations.

Shipping Charged and Wet Forklift Batteries

Charged and wet forklift batteries are classified as hazardous materials due to the presence of corrosive liquids and the potential for short circuits during transit. The 49 CFR § 173.159 outlines the applicable code of federal regulations for shipping wet batteries.

First and foremost, it is imperative to secure the batteries within specialized packaging that is resistant to shocks, vibration, and breaches. This containment must prevent any leakage of electrolytes and must also prevent dangerous heating.

In addition to sturdy packaging, the correct labeling and documentation are key to ensuring compliance with applicable shipping laws. Carriers may have specific requirements regarding charged batteries, so communicate with them well before your shipping date to mitigate the risk of costly delays or legal issues.

Shipping Charged and Dry Forklift Batteries

Wet forklift batteries are to be used within 90 days. If the receiver does not plan to use the battery within that timeframe, the battery should be shipped charged and dry, without electrolyte in the cells.

One of the most important things to know when shipping wet or dry forklift batteries is that they require secure packaging that prevents overheating. A 4G fiberboard box made from sturdy, corrugated cardboard material provides robust and durable shipping protection.

Best Practices for Storage and Handling Before Shipping

Proper storage and handling before shipment affects the ease and safety of transport. Storing batteries in a cool, dry facility prevents extreme temperatures from compromising their integrity. Avoid damaging the batteries by correctly using handling equipment, including lifting gear and pallet jacks.

Before packaging a battery, check the following to confirm its safe condition for transport:

  • Battery terminals: Verify that the terminals are clean and free of corrosion, which prevents electrical hazards and ensures optimal connectivity.
  • Outer casing: Inspect for any cracks, bulges, or breaches in the casing to prevent leaks and maintain the battery’s structural integrity.
  • Electrolyte levels: For wet batteries, check that electrolyte levels are appropriate, covering the plates but not overfilling them, to prevent spills and sustain battery performance.
  • Charge status: Charge the battery according to the manufacturer’s specifications to avoid under- or over-charging.

By following federal regulations for shipping wet and dry forklift batteries, forklift battery suppliers ensure the longevity of their batteries, safeguard the environment, and enhance logistical efficiency. If you want to know more about how we will ship your new or reconditioned battery, or if you have any other questions about forklift batteries, please contact Green Power Forklift Batteries.