A properly functioning forklift is a powerful asset, increasing facility productivity by efficiently lifting and moving goods. A well-maintained lift truck also enhances workplace safety, reducing the risk of accidents and injuries. Explore the key maintenance areas that can extend the life of your forklift and enhance workflows.
Worn-out or damaged tires can decrease efficiency and create a safety risk. Some red flags to look for include cracking, chunking, or uneven wear patterns. If a worker spots any of these issues, the tire may need immediate replacement.
In addition to regular inspections, keeping the tires correctly inflated reduces wear and tear. Factors such as the load capacity, the type of work being done, and the surface conditions can affect the required air pressure, measured in pounds per square inch (PSI). The operator can maintain proper tire pressure by following the manufacturer’s PSI recommendations found in the forklift’s user manual.
Another crucial maintenance area that can extend the life of your forklift is the battery. Batteries can experience a multitude of issues, such as corrosion or sulfation—a buildup of lead sulfate on the battery plates—if not properly maintained.
Periodically cleaning the battery terminals and ensuring they are tight and corrosion-free will help maximize the battery’s lifespan. Additionally, charging and watering the battery according to the manufacturer’s guidelines will prevent premature failure.
With the right care, these batteries have a long and efficient lifespan. When your battery reaches the end of its usefulness, you can replace it with a new unit or contact a battery refurbishing company to see if they can bring your old battery to like-new condition.
Maintain essential fluids like oil, hydraulic fluids, and brake fluids to keep your forklift running smoothly. Frequent fluid checks can help detect any leaks, contamination, or other problems early, allowing for swift action. Follow the lift truck manufacturer’s recommendations for effective fluid maintenance.
Each fluid plays a crucial role in the overall performance of your forklift. Engine oil, for example, lubricates the internal components of the engine, reducing friction and heat buildup. Regularly changing the oil and using the correct type for your forklift can prolong engine life and decrease downtime in the long run.
Proper maintenance of the lift truck’s components enhances the machine’s performance. By routinely inspecting and maintaining the battery, tires, and fluids, you not only save time and money on repairs but also contribute to a safer and more efficient workplace.